History of Pro Baseball Teams

authored
by Dan Nichols

Leagues Referenced

Leagues officially recognized as "Major
Leagues"

  • AA – American Association 1882-1884, 1887-1891
  • AL – American League 1901->
  • FL – Federal League 1914-1915
  • NA – National Association of Professional Baseball
    Players 1871-1875, 1879-1880
  • NL – National League 1876->
  • PL – Players League 1890
  • UA – Union Association 1884

Leagues included just because I wanted to!

  • AAGPBL – All American Girls Professional Baseball
    League 1943-1954
  • ANL – American Negro League 1929
  • ECL – Eastern Colored League 1923-1928
  • NAL – Negro American League 1937-1950
  • NEWL – Negro East West League 1932
  • NNL – Negro National League 1920-1948
  • NSL – Negro Southern League 1932
  • CL – Continental League 1960 (Announced but never
    played)
  • UBL – United Baseball League 1996?->
    (Announced)
  • SPBA – Senior Professional Baseball Association
    1989-1990
  • WA – Western Association 1894-1900 (became the
    American League 1901)
  • WBL – Women’s Baseball League 1994->

Resources

This information was taken mostly from Green Cathedrals
by Philip Lowry and Professional Baseball Franchises by
Peter Filichia.

I have covered franchise renaming by listing the team under it’s
best-known name and including the other names under the AKA
item. This as opposed to all separate listings as done in
Filichia’s excellent book.


ALTOONA,
P
ENNSYLVANIA
ALTOONA
UNIONS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Altoona Pride
Franchise: According to Lowry:
Became Kansas City Unions
May 1884.
According to Filichia:
disbanded with association after the 1884 season.

ANAHEIM,
C
ALIFORNIA
CALIFORNIA
ANGELS
League: AL 1965->
Aka: Los Angeles Angels 1961-1965
Nicknames: Halos, Seraphs, Cherubs
Franchise: Los Angeles
Angels
1961-1965
Named Angels because Los Angeles is Spanish for
"The Angels".
Name changed from Los Angeles to California
Angels 9/2/65

ARLINGTON,
T
EXAS
TEXAS
RANGERS
League: AL 1972->
Franchise: Relocated from href="#WashingtonSenators4">Washington Senators
1961-1971.
Named after Texas state police force. Represent
both Dallas and Fort Worth.

ATLANTA,
G
EORGIA
ATLANTA
BLACK CRACKERS
League: NAL 1938
Franchise:
ATLANTA
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never
played.
ATLANTA
BRAVES
League: NL 1966->
Nicknames: America’s Team (II) The
first team to have this nickname was the NFL
Dallas Cowboys.
Franchise: Relocated from href="#MilwaukeeBraves">Milwaukee Braves NL
1953-1965

ATLANTIC
C
ITY,
N
EW
J
ERSEY
BACHARACH
GIANTS
League: ECL 1923-1928, ANL 1929
Franchise: Charter franchise with ECL,
disbanded with league during 1928. Charter
franchise with ANL, disbanded with league after
1929. Reestablished in href="#PhilBacharachGiants">Philadelphia in
NNL in July 1934.

BALTIMORE,
M
ARYLAND
BALTIMORE
LORD BALTIMORES
League: NA 1872-1874
Nicknames: Baltimore Marylands
1873, Yellow Stockings, Canaries
Franchise: Expansion franchise, disbanded
after 1874 season
MARYLANDS
League: NA 1873
Franchise: Folded on July 11, 1873
BALTIMORE
ORIOLES (I)
League: AA 1882-1889
Aka: Lord Baltimores (I) 1882
Franchise: New franchise, folded in July
1889
BALTIMORE
MONUMENTALS
League: UA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, became
Lancaster Ironsides, Eastern League, mid-1884
BALTIMORE
ORIOLES (II)
Leagues: AA 1890-1891, NL 1892-1899
Franchise: New franchise NL. Were href="#BrooklynTrolleyDodgers">Brooklyn
Gladiators in AA before 8/3/1890. Merged with
NL Brooklyn Superbas
in 1900.
According to Filichia the
AA team disbanded after the 1899 season.
BALTIMORE
ORIOLES (III)
League: AL 1901-1902
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became href="#NYYankees">New York Highlanders 1903
BALTIMORE
TERRAPINS
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Balt-Feds 1914
Franchise: Expansion team, disbanded with
league, 1915
BALTIMORE
BLACK SOX
League: ECL 1923-1928, ANL 1929, NEWL
1932, NNL 1933-1934
Aka: Baltimore Stars 1929
Franchise: ECL: Charter franchise,
disbanded with league during 1928. ANL: Disbanded
with league during 1929. NEWL: Charter franchise,
disbanded with league during 1932. NNL: New
franchise, folded after 1933 season, reactivated
July 1934, disbanded after 1934 season.
BALTIMORE
ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1938-1948, NAL 1949-1950
Franchise: Relocated from href="#WashingtonEliteGiants">Washington Elite
Giants 1937. New franchise NAL, disbanded
with league after 1950 season.
BALTIMORE
ORIOLES (IV)
League: AL 1954->
Nicknames: Birds, O’s
Franchise: Relocated from href="#StLouisBrowns">St. Louis Browns
1902-1953

BATTLE
C
REEK,
M
ICHIGAN
BATTLE
CREEK BELLES
League: AAGPBL 1951-1952
Franchise: Relocated from href="#RacineBells">Racine Bells 1950. Became
Muskegon Belles
1953.

BAYAMON,
P
UERTO
R
ICO
BAYAMON
UBLs
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is announced to begin
play in 1996.

BIRMINGHAM,
A
LABAMA
BIRMINGHAM
BLACK BARONS
(I)
League: NNL 1924-1925, 1927-1930
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after
1930 season
BIRMINGHAM
BLACK BARONS
(II)
League: NAL 1937-1938, 1940-1950
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
after 1950 season

BLOOMINGTON,
M
INNESOTA
MINNESOTA
TWINS
1961-1981
Franchise: Relocated from href="#WashingtonSenators3">Washington Senators
(III) 1957-1960.
Began play in Minneapolis
in 1982.

BOSTON,
M
ASSACHUSETTS
BOSTON
BRAVES
Leagues: NA 1871, 1873-1875, NL 1876-1952
Aka: Boston Red Stockings 1871,
1873-1875, Boston Red Caps 1876-1882, Boston
Beaneaters
(I) 1883-1906, Boston Doves
1907-1910, Boston Rustlers 1911, Boston
Bees
1936-1940
Nicknames: Rustlers 1890’s when
owned by William Russell (1), Miracle Braves
1914 (1)
Franchise: Became href="#MilwaukeeBraves">Milwaukee Braves in
1953. According to Filichia,
relocated from Cincinnati
Red Stockings
1869-1870.
Named for James Gaffney, a Tammany Hall
"brave" or political figure.
BOSTON
REDS
League: UA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
with association after 1884 season.
BOSTON
BEANEATERS (II)
Leagues: PL 1890
Nicknames: Boston Reds
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
with league after 1890 season.
BOSTON
RED SOX

(current)
League: AL 1901->
Aka: Boston Somersets 1901-1902
when owned by Charles W. Somers, Boston
Pilgrims
1903-1906
Nicknames: Speed Boys 1901-1902, Plymouth
Rocks
1901-1902, Boston Puritans
1901-1902, Bosox
Franchise: Charter franchise, had been href="#BuffaloBisons3">Buffalo Bisons WA 1900

BRADENTON,
F
LORIDA
BRADENTON
EXPLORERS
League: SPBA 1989-1990

BRENTWOOD,
N
EW
Y
ORK
NEW Y size="2">ORK UBLs
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is announced to begin
play in 1996.

BROOKLYN,
N
EW
Y
ORK
NEW Y size="2">ORK MUTUALS
(I)
Leagues: NA 1871-1875
Aka: Green Stockings 1871, Chocolate
Sox
1872
Franchise: Disbanded during the 1875
season.
Named for the firemen of the Mutual Hook &
Ladder Co.
Represented New York but played all home games in
Brooklyn.
ECKFORDS
OF BROOKLYN
League: NA 1871-1875
Aka: Atlantics of Brooklyn
1872-1875
Franchise: New franchise. According to href="#Sources">Filichia, disbanded with
association after 1875 season.
According to Lowry, Merged
with Fort Wayne
Kekiongas
August 29, 1871
HARTFORDS
OF BROOKLYN
League: NL 1877
Franchise: Relocated from href="#HartfordDarkBlues">Hartford Dark Blues
in 1876-1877.
BROOKLYN
TROLLEY DODGERS
Leagues: AA 1884-1890
Aka: Brooklyn Bridegrooms (I) 1889,
Brooklyn Gladiators 1890
Nicknames: Brooklyn Atlantics
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
after the 1890 season.
Named Trolley Dodgers for the wild maze of
trolley lines near the Brooklyn Bridge,
Bridegrooms because 4 star players were married
over 1889-90 off season.
BROOKLYN
DODGERS
Leagues: NL 1890-1957
Aka: Brooklyn Bridegrooms (II)
1890-1898, Hanlon’s Superbas 1899-1910, Brooklyn
Robins
1914-1931
Nicknames: Church City Nines
1880’s, Brooklyn Kings 1880’s, Dem Bums
1940’s and 1950’s, Brooklyn Foutz’s Fillies
1893-1896
Franchise: Merged with href="#BrooklynWonders">Brooklyn Wonders
1891. Merged with Baltimore
Orioles
(II) 1900. Became href="#LADodgers">Los Angeles Dodgers in
1958.
Named Trolley Dodgers for the wild maze of
trolley lines near the Brooklyn Bridge,
Bridegrooms because 4 star players were married
over 1889-90 off season, Hanlon’s Superbas for a
popular vaudeville acrobatic troupe when Ned
Hanlon was manager, Robins for manager Wilbert
Robinson. Foutz’s Fillies for manager Dave Foutz.
BROOKLYN
WONDERS
League: PL 1890
Nickname: Ward’s Wonders
Franchise: Charter franchise. Disbanded
with league after 1890 season. According to href="#Sources">Lowry merged with href="#BrooklynDodgers">Brooklyn Dodgers
1891.
Named after the Wonder Bread Company owned by Mr.
Ward.
BROOKLYN
TIP-TOPS
League: FL 1914-1915
Nickname: Feds, BrookFeds
Franchise: Expansion franchise, disbanded
with league 1915.
Named after the Wonder Bread Company owned by Mr.
Ward.
BROOKLYN
ROYAL GIANTS
League: ECL 1923-1927
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
after 1927 season
BROOKLYN
EAGLES
League: NNL 1935
Franchise: Relocated to href="#NewarkEagles">Newark Eagles 1936

BUFFALO,
N
EW
Y
ORK
BUFFALO
BISONS (I)
League: NL 1879-1885
Franchise: Charter franchise. Merged with href="#DetroitWolverines">Detroit Wolverines
1886
BUFFALO
BISONS (II)
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter franchise. Merged with href="#ClevelandInfants">Cleveland Infants
and Cleveland Spiders
1891
BUFFALO
BISONS (III)
League: WA 1892-1900
Franchise: Became Boston
Red Sox
AL 1901
BUFFALO
PAN AMS
League: AL 1900
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
after 1900 season.
BUFFALO
BLUES
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Buffalo Buf-Feds 1914, Buffalo
Electrics
Franchise: Expansion franchise, disbanded
with league 1915.
BUFFALO
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never
played.

CHICAGO,
I
LLINOIS
CHICAGO
CUBS
Leagues: NA 1871, 1874-1875, NL 1876->
Aka: Chicago White Stockings
1876-1890, Chicago Colts 1890-1897, Chicago
Orphans
1898-1901
Nicknames: Swallowtails 1888, Black
Stockings
1888-1889, Anson’s Colts
1887-1897, Ex-Colts 1898, Rainmakers
1894-1897, Babes 1894-1897, Cubs, Cowboys
1899, Desert Rangers 1899, Rough Riders
1899-1900, Remnants 1901-1902, Recruits
1902, Panamas 1903, Zephyrs 1905, Selee’s
Colts
1902-1905, Spuds 1906, Nationals
1905-1907, Trojans 1913
Franchise: Charter franchise NA. Charter
franchise NL. Merged with href="#ChicagoPirates">Chicago Pirates 1891.
Merged with Chicago
Whales
1916.
Named Anson’s Colts because manager Cap Anson had
starred in a silent film called "A Runaway
Colt." The word also meant rookie back then.
Name of Cubs used first 3/27/02 by Chicago
sportswriters George Rice and Fred Hayner in
Chicago Daily News.
Most frequently used nicknames: White Stockings
1871, 1874-1889, Colts 1890-1897, Orphans
1898-1901, Colts 1902-1904 Cubs 1905 to date.
CHICAGO
UNIONS
League: UA 1884
Nicknames: Browns
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became href="#PittsburghUnions">Pittsburgh Unions
August 1884
CHICAGO
PIRATES
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter franchise. Disbanded
with league 1890. Merged with href="#ChicagoCubs">Chicago Cubs 1891.
CHICAGO
???
League: WA 1894
Franchise: Became St.
Paul Saints
1895
CHICAGO
WHITE SOX
League: AL 1901->
Aka: Chicago White Stockings
1901-1903
Nicknames: Chisox, Pale Hose, Invaders
1901, Go-Go Sox 1959, Uniques
Franchise: Charter franchise. Named White
Sox by Chicago sportswriters Carl Green and I.E.
Sanborn. Came from Minneapolis
Millers
of WA 1900
CHICAGO
WHALES
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Chi-Feds 1914
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
with league 1915. Merged with href="#ChicagoCubs">Chicago Cubs 1916.
CHICAGO
AMERICAN GIANTS
League: NNL 1920-1931, 1934-1936, NSL
1932, NAL 1937-1950
Aka: Cole’s American Giants
1932-1936
Franchise: Charter franchise NNL. New
franchise NSL, disbanded after 1936 season. New
franchise NAL, disbanded with league after 1950
season
CHICAGO
GIANTS
League: NNL 1920-1921
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
after 1921 season. No home games in 1921.
CHICAGO
COLLEENS
League: AAGPBL 1948
Franchise:

CINCINNATI,
O
HIO
CINCINNATI
RED STOCKINGS
Franchise: 1st professional baseball club,
formed 3/15/1869.
According to Lowry:
relocated to Boston Red
Stockings
1871.
According to Filichia:
reverted to non-pro after the 1870 season.
CINCINNATI
REDS
Leagues: NL 1876-1880, AA 1882-1889, NL
1890->
Aka: Cincinnati Red Stockings
1876-1880, Cincinnati Red Legs 1944-1945,
1954-1960
Nickname: Cincinnati Porkopolitans
1870’s, Cincinnati Pioneers 1870’s, Big
Red Machine
1970’s
Franchise: Charter franchise, expelled
from NL in 1880. Merged with href="#WashingtonSenators">Washington Senators
(I) 1890
CINCINNATI
OUTLAW REDS
League: UA 1884
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
with assoc after 1884 season.
KELLY’S
KILLERS
League: AA 1891, NL 1890-1891
Aka: Cincinnati Porkers
Franchise: New franchise NL, disbanded
during 1891.
According to Lowry,
became with Milwaukee
Brewers (III)
August 14, 1891.
Named after the aggressive behavior of manager
Mike Kelly.
CINCINNATI
CLOWNS
League: NAL 1942-1945
Aka: Cincinnati Buckeyes 1942, Indianapolis-Cincinnati
Clowns
1944
Franchise: New franchise. Became href="#IndianapolisClowns">Indianapolis Clowns
in 1946.
CUBAN
STARS (I)
League: NNL 1921
Aka: Cincinnati Cuban Stars 1921
Franchise: Expansion franchise. Moved from
Havana in 1921.
Playes all games in 1921 on the road as a
travelling team representing Havana. Moved to href="#NYCubanStars">New York in 1922.
CINCINNATI
TIGERS
League: NAL 1937
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
with league during 1937 season.

CLEVELAND,
O
HIO
CLEVELAND
BLUES (I)
League: NL 1879-1884
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after
1884 season.
According to Lowry, merged
in 1885 with UA St.
Louis Maroons
to become NL href="#StLouisMaroons">St. Louis Maroons.
CLEVELAND
BLUES (II)
League: AA 1887-1888, NL 1889-1898
Franchise: Charter franchise in AA. New
franchise in NL. Became href="#StLouisCardinals">St. Louis Perfectos
1899.
FOREST
CITYS OF
CLEVELAND
League: NA 1871-1872
Franchise: Dropped out August 19, 1872.
CLEVELAND
SPIDERS
Leagues: NL 1889-1899
Nicknames: Exiles 1899, Misfits
1899
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after
1899 season.
According to Lowry, merged
with PL Buffalo Bisons
and PL Cleveland
Infants
in 1891.
CLEVELAND
INFANTS
League: PL 1890
Nickname: Babes
Franchise: Charter franchise, disbanded
with league 1890.
According to Lowry, merged
with Cleveland
Spiders
1891.
CLEVELAND
LAKE SHORES
League: WA 1900
Franchise: Relocated from href="#GrandRapidsRustlers">Grand Rapids Rustlers.
Became Cleveland
Bluebirds
AL 1901.
CLEVELAND
INDIANS
League: AL 1900->
Aka: Cleveland
Lakeshores
1900, Cleveland Blues
(III) 1901, Cleveland Bluebirds 1901, Cleveland
Broncos
1902, Cleveland Naps
1903-1911, Molly Maguires 1912-1914
Nickname: Blues 1901, Tribe
Franchise: Charter franchise. Names Naps
after 2B/Mngr Napolean Lajoie; Molly Maguires
after coal miners; Indians after a member of the
1890’s Spiders named Louis Francis Sockalexis,
the first American Indian in the majors.
CLEVELAND
BEARS
League: NAL 1939-1940
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after
1940 season
CLEVELAND
BROWNS
League: NNL 1924
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after
1924 season
CLEVELAND
BUCKEYES (I)
League: NAL 1943-1948
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after
1948 season
CLEVELAND
BUCKEYES (II)
League: NAL 1950
Franchise: New franchise, folded June
1950.
CLEVELAND
ELITES
League: NNL 1926-1927
Aka: Cleveland Hornets 1927
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded after
1927 season
CLEVELAND
GIANTS
League: NNL 1933-1934
Aka: Cleveland Red Sox 1934
Franchise: Relocated from href="#ColumbusBluebirds">Columbus Bluebirds.
Disbanded after 1934 season
CLEVELAND
TATE STARS
League: NNL 1922
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded during
1922 season
CLEVELAND
CUBS
League: NNL 1931
Franchise: Became href="#NashvilleEliteGiants">Nashville Elite
Giants in 1932.
CLEVELAND
STARS
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise:

COLUMBUS,
O
HIO
COLUMBUS
SENATORS
League: AA 1883-1884
Nicknames: Columbus Buckeyes
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded with
league after 1884 season.
COLUMBUS
COLTS
League: AA 1883-1884, AA 1889-1891
Nicknames: Columbus Solons
1889-1891
Franchise: New franchise, disbanded with
assoc after 1891 season.
COLUMBUS
BLUEBIRDS
League: NNL 1933
Franchise: New franchise, became href="#ClevelandGiants">Cleveland Giants in
August 1933.
COLUMBUS
BUCKEYES
League: NNL 1921
Franchise: Relocated from href="#DaytonMarcos">Dayton Marcos Disbanded
after 1921
COLUMBUS
ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1935
Franchise: Relocated from href="#NashvilleEliteGiants">Nashville Elite
Giants. Became href="#WashingtonEliteGiants">Washington Elite
Giants in 1936
COLUMBUS
TURFS
League: NSL 1932
Franchise: Replaced href="#LouisvilleBlackCaps">Louisville Black Caps
during 1932 season.

DALLAS-F size="2">T W size="2">ORTH, T size="2">EXAS
DALLAS
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never
played.

DAYTON,
O
HIO
DAYTON
MARCOS
League: NNL 1920
Franchise: Charter franchise. Disbanded
after 1920. According to Lowry,
became Columbus
Buckeyes
in 1921.

DENVER,
C
OLORADO
DENVER
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced but never
played.
COLORADO
ROCKIES
League: NL 1993->
Franchise: Expansion team 1993.

DETROIT,
M
ICHIGAN
DETROIT
WOLVERINES (I)
League: NL 1881-1888, Int’l Assoc
1889-1890
Aka: Detroit Wolverines
Franchise: New NL. New IA, disbanded with
league during 1890 season.
DETROIT
TIGERS (I)
League: WA 1894-1900
Aka: Creams 1894
Franchise: Became href="#DetroitTigers2">Detroit Wolverines
1900
DETROIT
TIGERS (II)
League: AL 1900->
Aka: Detroit Wolverines (II) 1900
Nicknames: Bengals
Franchise: Charter franchise. Named after
the striped stockings used in 1901. Editor Philip
Reid thought that these yellow and black sox were
like those worn by the Princeton University
Tigers football team. According to href="#Sources">Lowry came from href="#DetroitTigers">WA Detroit team of 1900
DETROIT
STARS
League: NNL 1920-1931, 1933, NAL 1937
Franchise: Charter franchise. Became href="#PhiladelphiaStars">Philadelphia Stars
in 1934
DETROIT
WOLVES
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise:

ELIZABETH,
N
EW
J
ERSEY
ELIZABETH
RESOLUTES
League: NA 1873
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Folded August 7, 1873.



FORT MYERS, FLORIDA
FORT
MYERS SUN SOX
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:



FORT WAYNE, INDIANA
FORT
WAYNE KEKIONGAS
League: NA 1871
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded during 1871
According to href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, merged with href="#BrooklynEckfors">Brooklyn
Eckfords
on August 29,
1871.
Named after the original Indian
village on the site that later became Fort Wayne.
FORT
WAYNE DAISIES
League: AAGPBL 1945-1954
Franchise:



GRAND RAPIDS, MICHIGAN
GRAND
RAPIDS RUSTLERS
League: WA 1894-1899
Franchise: Became href="#ClevelandLakeShores">Cleveland
Lake Shores
in 1900
GRAND
RAPIDS CHICKS
League: AAGPBL 1945-1954
Franchise: Relocated from href="#MilwaukeeChicks">Milwaukee
Chicks
1944.



HARRISBURG, PENNSYLVANIA
HARRISBURG
GIANTS
League: ECL 1924-1927
Franchise: New franchise.
Disbanded after 1927
HARRISBURG
STARS
League: NNL 1943
Aka: Harrisburg-St.
Louis Stars
Franchise: New franchise.
Disbanded during 1943



HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT
HARTFORD
DARK BLUES
Leagues: NA 1874-1875, NL
1876-1877
Aka: Hartford Blues
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded during 1871.
According to href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, relocated to href="#BrooklynHartfords">Brooklyn
Hartfords
in 1877.



HAVANA, CUBA
CUBAN
STARS
League: NNL 1920
Franchise: Moved to href="#CincinnatiCubanStars">Cincinnati size="2"> in 1921. No home games in 1920.



HOLYOKE, MASSACHUSETTS
HOLYOKE size="2">
League: Int’l Assoc 1878,
NA 1879
Franchise: Charter
franchise IA. Charter franchise NA, disbanded
with league after 1879 season.



HOMESTEAD, PENNSYLVANIA
HOMESTEAD
GRAYS
See Pittsburgh



HOUSTON, TEXAS
HOUSTON
EAGLES
League: NAL 1949-1950
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded during season. According to
href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, relocated from href="#NewarkEagles">Newark Eagles size="2">.
HOUSTON size="2">
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced
but never played.
HOUSTON
ASTROS
League: NL 1962->
Aka: Houston Colt .45s
1962-1964
Nicknames: Houston Colts
1962-1964
Franchise: Expansion team
1962.



INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA
INDIANAPOLIS
BLUES
Leagues: NL 1878, AA 1884
Aka: Indianapolis Browns
1878, Indianapolis Hoosiers (I)
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1878 season.
INDIANAPOLIS
HOOSIERS (II)
Leagues: AA 1884
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1884
season.
INDIANA
HOOSIERS (III)
League: NL 1887-1889
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1889 season.
INDIANAPOLIS
HOOSIERS (IV)
League: WA 1894-1900, WA
1901
Franchise: New franchise
WA. Charter franchise AL. Charter franchise WA,
became Matthews mid-1901, disbanded with league
after 1899 season. According to
href="#Sources">Lowry size="2"> Became href="#PhiladelphiaAthletics">Philadelphia
Athletics
AL 1901
HOOSIER-FEDS size="2">
League: FL 1913-1914
Franchise: Charter
franchise, assumed major league status 1914.
Became
size="2">Newark Peppers
1915.
INDIANAPOLIS
ABCS (I)
League: NNL 1920-1924,
1925-1926, 1931, NSL 1932
Franchise: Charter
franchise NNL, dropped out July 1924. Disbanded
after 1926. Charter franchise NSL, disbanded with
league after 1932
INDIANAPOLIS
ABCS (II)
League: NAL 1938-1940
Aka: Crawfords 1940
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1940 season. According to
href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, moved to href="#ToledoCrawfords">Toledo size="2"> in 1939, moved back in 1940.
INDIANAPOLIS
ATHLETICS
League: NAL 1937
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded during season
INDIANAPOLIS
CLOWNS
League: NAL 1944, 1946-1950
Aka: Indianapolis-Cincinnati
Clowns
1944
Franchise: Relocated from href="#CincinnatiClowns">Cincinnati
Clowns
. Disbanded with
league after 1950. The Clowns represented
href="#CincinnatiClowns">Cincinnati size="2"> in 1943, 1945, Indianapolis 1946-1950,
and both cities in 1944.



JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
JACKSONVILLE
RED CAPS
League: NAL 1938, 1941-1942
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1941



KALAMAZOO, MICHIGAN
KALAMAZOO
LASSIES
League: AAGPBL 1951-1954
Franchise: Relocated from href="#MuskegonLassies">Muskegon
Lassies
1950.



KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI
KANSAS CITY
COWBOYS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Unions
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Relocated from
href="#AltoonaUnions">Altoona
Pride
in April and May
1884 before moving to Kansas City. Folded with
league September 1884.
KANSAS CITY
COWBOYS (II)
League: NL 1886
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded after 1886 season.
KANSAS CITY
BLUES (I)
League: Western Lg 1887, AA
1888-1889
Nicknames: Cowboys (III)
Franchise: Expansion
franchise WL. New franchise AA, disbanded after
1889 season.
KANSAS CITY
BLUES (II)
League: WA 1894-1900
Franchise: Became href="#WashingtonSenators3">Washington
Senators
AL 1901
KANSAS CITY
COWBOYS (IV)
League: AL 1900, Western Lg
1901-1903
Franchise: Became Kansas
City Blues (Class A American Assoc) 1904.
KANSAS CITY
PACKERS
League: FL 1914-1915
Aka: Kansas City Cowboys
(V), Kawfeds
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1915
season.
KANSAS CITY
MONARCHS
League: NNL 1920-1927,
1929-1930, NAL 1937-1950
Franchise: Charter
franchise NNL, disbanded after 1930. Charter
franchise NAL, disbanded with league after 1950.
KANSAS CITY
ATHLETICS
League: AL 1955-1967
Aka: Kansas City A’s
1962-1967
Franchise: Relocated from href="#PhiladelphiaAthletics">Philadelphia
Athletics
in 1955.
Became
size="2">Oakland Athletics size="2"> in 1968.
KANSAS CITY
ROYALS
League: AL 1969->
Franchise: Expansion
franchise.



KENOSHA, WISCONSIN
KENOSHA
COMETS
League: AAGPBL 1943-1951
Franchise:



KEOKUK, IOWA
WESTERNS
OF KIOKUK
League: NA 1875
Nicknames: Westerns
Franchise: Expansion
franchise, folded June 14, 1875.



KISSIMMEE, FLORIDA
KISSIMMEE UBLs size="2">
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is
announced to begin play in 1996.



LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA
LOS ANGELES
DODGERS
League: NL 1958->
Nicknames: Dodger Blue
Franchise: Relocated from href="#BrooklynDodgers">Brooklyn
Dodgers
1890-1957.
LOS ANGELES
ANGELS
League: AL 1961-1965
Aka: California Angels
September 2, 1965 onwards.
Franchise: Moved to Anaheim
as the
size="2">California Angels size="2"> in 1966.
LOS
ANGELES UBLs
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is
announced to begin play in 1996.



LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY
LOUISVILLE
GRAYS
League: NL 1876-1877
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded after 1877 season.
LOUISVILLE
COLONELS
League: AA 1882-1891, NL
1892-1899
Aka: Louisville Eclipse
1882-1884, Louisville Cyclones 1889
Franchise: Charter
franchise AA. New franchise NL, disbanded after
1899 season.
According to href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, merged with href="#PittsburghPirates">Pittsburgh
Pirates
1900.
LOUISVILLE
WHITE SOX
League: NNL 1931, NSL 1932
Aka: Louisville Black
Caps
1932
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded after 1932. Replaced during
1932 seasn by
size="2">Columbus Turfs.
LOUISVILLE
BUCKEYES
League: NAL 1949
Franchise:



MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
MEMPHIS
RED SOX
League: NNL 1924-1925,
1927, 1929-1930, NSL 1932, NAL 1937-1940,
1943-1950
Franchise: New franchise
NNL, disbanded after 1930. Charter franchise NSL,
disbanded with league after 1932. Charter
franchise NAL, disbanded with league during 1950



MIAMI, FLORIDA
FLORIDA
MARLINS
League: NL 1993->
Franchise: Expansion team
1993.



MIDDLETOWN, CONNECTICUT
MIDDLETOWN
MANSFIELDS
League: NA 1872
Franchise: Charter
franchise, folded August 9, 1872.



MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN
CREAM
CITYS
League: NL 1878
Aka: Milwaukee Brewers
(I)
, Milwaukee Creams, named for color
of Milwaukee-made bricks.
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded during 1878 season.
MILWAUKEE
UNIONS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Milwaukee Brewers
(II)
Nicknames: Grays, Cream
Citys
Franchise: Charter
franchise, folded in late September 1884.
MILWAUKEE
BREWERS (III)
League: AA 1891, Western Lg
1892
Franchise: New franchise A.
Expansion franchise WL, disbanded with league
during 1892 season.
According to href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, relocated from href="#KellysKillers">Kelly’s
Killers
in Cincinnati,
August 14, 1891.
MILWAUKEE
BREWERS (IV)
League: WA 1894-1900, AL
1901
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Became
size="2">St. Louis Browns size="2"> 1902.
MILWAUKEE
BEARS
League: NNL 1923
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded during season
MILWAUKEE
CHICKS
League: AAGPBL 1944
Franchise: Became href="#GrandRapidsChicks">Grand
Rapids Chicks
1945
MILWAUKEE
BRAVES
League: NL 1953-1965
Franchise: Relocated from href="#BostonBraves">Boston Braves size="2"> in 1953. Became href="#AtlantaBraves">Atlanta
Braves
in 1966.
MILWAUKEE
BREWERS (V)
League: AL 1970->
Nicknames: Brew Crew
Franchise: Relocated from href="#SeattlePilots">Seattle
Pilots
1969.



MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA
MINNEAPOLIS
MILLERS
League: WA 1894-1900
Franchise: Became href="#ChicagoWhiteSox">Chicago
White Sox
1901
MINNESOTA size="2">
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced
but never played.
MINNESOTA
TWINS
League: AL 1961->
Aka: Minneapolis-St.
Paul Twins
1961, Twin Cities 1961
Franchise: Relocated from href="#WashingtonSenators3">Washington
Senators (III)

1957-1960.
Played in href="#MinnesotaTwins">Bloomington size="2"> until 1982.
Represent both Minneapolis and St.
Paul.



MONROE, LOUISIANA
MONROE
MONARCHS
League: NSL 1932
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1932



MONTGOMERY, ALABAMA
MONTGOMERY
GREY SOX
League: NSL 1932
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1932



MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA
MONTREAL
EXPOS
League: NL 1969->
Franchise: Expansion team
1969.
Named after Expo ’67.



MUSKEGON, MICHIGAN
MUSKEGON
LASSIES
League: AAGPBL 1946-1950
Franchise: Became href="#KalamazooLassies">Kalamazoo
Lassies
1951
MUSKEGON
BELLES
League: AAGPBL 1953
Franchise: Relocated from href="#KalamazooBelles">Kalamazoo
Belles
1952



NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE
NASHVILLE
ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1930, 1933-1934
NSL 1932
Franchise: New franchise
NNL, disbanded after 1930. Charter franchise NSL,
disbanded with league after 1932. New franchise
NNL 1933, disbanded after 1934. According to
href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, relocated from href="#ClevelandCubs">Cleveland
Cubs
in 1932, became href="#ColumbusEliteGiants">Columbus
Elite Giants
in 1935.



NEWARK, NEW JERSEY
NEWARK
PEPPERS
League: FL 1915
Aka: Newark Federals
Nicknames: Newark Peps,
Newkfeds
Franchise: Relocated from href="#IndianaHoosierFeds">Indianapolis
Hoosier-Feds
1914.
NEWARK
BROWNS
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league during season
NEWARK
DODGERS
League: NNL 1934-1935
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1935
NEWARK
EAGLES
League: NNL 1936-1948
Franchise: Relocated from href="#BrooklynEagles">Brooklyn
Eagles
, disbanded after
1948. According to
size="2">Lowry, became href="#HoustonEagles">Houston
Eagles
in 1949.
NEWARK STARS size="2">
League: ECL 1926
Franchise: New franchise,
folded July 1926.



NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT
NEW HAVENS size="2">
League: NA 1875
Aka: Elm Citys
Franchise: Expansion
franchise, folded on July 30, 1875.



NEW ORLEANS, LOUSIANA
NEW ORLEANS
STARS
League: NAL 1941
Aka: New Orleans-St.
Louis Stars
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1941
NEW
ORLEANS UBLs
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is
announced to begin play in 1996.



NEW YORK, NEW YORK
NEW YORK
MUTUALS
(I)
Leagues: NA 1871-1875
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded during 1875 season.
Nicknames: Green
Stockings
1871, Chocolate Sox 1872
Represented New York but played
all home games in Brooklyn.
Named after the firemen of the
Mutual Hook & Ladder Co.
NEW YORK
MUTUALS
(II)
Leagues: NL 1876
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Expelled from NL following the 1876
season for refusing to make the last road trip.
NEW YORK
METROPOLITANS
League: AA 1883-1887
NEW YORK GIANTS
(I)
League: NL 1883-1957
Aka: New York Gothams
1883-1884
Nicknames: New York
Maroons
1880’s, Gotham Giants 1880’s, Mutrie’s
Mules
1890
Franchise: Relocated from href="#TroyTrojans">Troy Trojans
1879-1882
. Merged with href="#NYGiants2">PL Giants 1891 size="2">. Became size="2">San Francisco Giants size="2"> in 1958.
Named when manager Mutrie stood up
in the dugout after an important victory in 1885
and stated that he was very proud of "My big
fellows! My giants!"
NEW YORK
GIANTS (II)
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1890
season. According to
size="2">Lowry merged
with
NL
Giants
in 1891.
NEW YORK
YANKEES
League: AL 1903->
Aka: New York
Highlanders
1903-1912
Nickname: New York
Porchclimbers
1903-1904, New York Burglars
1903-1904, New York Invaders 1903, Greater
New Yorks
1900’s, New York Hill Toppers
1903-1912, Bronx Bombers
Franchise: Relocated from href="#BaltimoreOrioles3">Baltimore
Orioles 1901-1902
.
Called Highlanders both after a
famous British Army regiment named Gordon’s
Highlanders, and because Hilltop Park was their
home ballpark and was located on a hilltop
overlooking Washington Heights.
Called Yankees first by
sportswriters Mark Roth of the New York Globe and
Sam Crane of the New York Journal, the name
appearing in print for the first time on June 21,
1904 in the Boston Herald.
LINCOLN
GIANTS
League: ECL 1923-1926,
1928, ANL 1929
Franchise: Charter
franchise ECL, disbanded with league after 1928.
Charter franchise ANL, disbanded with league
after 1929
CUBAN STARS
(I)
League: NNL 1922
Franchise: Relocated from href="#CincinnatiCubanStars">Cincinnati size="2"> in 1922. Split into href="#CubanStarsEast">Cuban Stars
East
and href="#CubanStarsWest">Cuban Stars
West
in 1923.
CUBAN
STARS (II)
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league during 1932
season
CUBAN
STARS EAST
League: ECL 1923-1928, ANL
1929
Franchise: Split from href="#CubanStars">Cuban Stars size="2"> in 1923 to become charter franchise.
Disbanded with league during 1928, joined ANL as
charter franchise in 1929, disbanded with league
after 1929 season.
CUBAN
STARS WEST
League: NNL 1923-1930
Franchise: Split from href="#CubanStars">Cuban Stars size="2"> in 1923. Disbanded after 1930 season.
NEW YORK
BLACK YANKEES
League: NNL 1936-1948
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1948.
NEW YORK CUBANS size="2">
League: NNL 1935-36,
1939-48, NAL 1949-50
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded with league after 1950
NEW YORK size="2">
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced
but never played.
NEW YORK METS size="2">
League: NL 1962->
Franchise: Expansion team
1962.



OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
OAKLAND
ATHLETICS
League: AL 1968->
Aka: Oakland A’s
1968-1986
Franchise: Relocated from href="#KCAthletics">Kansas City
Athletics AL 1955-1967
.



ORLANDO, FLORIDA
ORLANDO
JUICE
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:



PALM BEACH, FLORIDA
WEST
PALM BEACH TROPICS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:



PEORIA, ILLINOIS
PEORIA
REDWINGS
League: AAGPBL 1946-1951
Franchise:



PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA
CENTENNIAL
OF PHILADELPHIA
Leagues: NA 1875
Franchise: Expansion
franchise. Folded May 26, 1875.
size="2">PHILADELPHIA PHILADELPHIAS size="2">
Leagues: NA 1872-1875
Aka: Philadelphia Whites
1873-1875
Franchise: Expansion
franchise, disbanded with league during 1875
season
PHILADELPHIA
ATHLETICS (I)
Leagues: NA 1871-1875
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded during 1875 season
PHILADELPHIA
ATHLETICS (II)
Leagues: NL 1876
Aka: Philadelphia Blues
Franchise: Expelled from NL
following 1876 season for not making the last
road trip.
PHILADELPHIA
ATHLETICS (III)
League: AA 1882-1891
Franchise: Merged with href="#PhiladelphiaQuakers3">PL
Quakers
in 1891.
PHIADELPHIA
ATHLETICS (IV)
League: AL 1901-1954
Aka: White Elephants
1902-1903, A’s
Nicknames: Mackmen
Franchise: Became href="#KCAthletics">Kansas City
Athletics
in 1955.
Jokingly named White Elephants by
John McGraw in 1902.
size="2">PHILADELPHIA WHITE STOCKINGS size="2">
League: NA 1873-1875
Aka: Philadelphia Pearls,
Philadelphia Quakers (I), Philadelphia
Fillies
PHILADELPHIA
PHILLIES
League: NL 1883->
Aka: Philadelphia
Quakers
(II) 1883-1889, Philadelphia Phils
1942, Philadelphia Blue Jays 1943-1944
Franchise: Relocated from href="#"WorcesterRubyLegs""> size="2">Worcester Ruby Legs 1880-1882 size="2">.
PHILADELPHIA
KEYSTONES
League: UA 1884
Aka: Keystone Unions
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded during 1884 season.
PHILADELPHIA
QUAKERS (III)
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1890
season. According to
size="2">Lowry merged
with
size="2">AA Athletics
in 1891.
HILLDALES size="2">
League: ECL 1923-1927, ANL
1929, NEWL 1932
Aka: Philadelphia Tigers
1928, Darby Hilldales, Darby Daisies 1932
Franchise: Charter
franchise ECL, disbanded after 1927. Charter
franchise ANL, disbanded after 1929. Charter
franchise NEWL, disbanded after 1932
PHILADELPHIA
BACHARACH GIANTS
League: NNL 1934
Franchise: Active only from
July-September 1934. Reactivation of
href="#BacharachGiants">Atlantic
City Bacharach Giants

franchise.
PHILADELPHIA
STARS
League: NNL 1934-1948, NAL
1949-1950
Franchise: Relocated from href="#DetroitStars">Detroit Stars size="2">. Joined NAL as new franchise in 1949.
Disbanded during 1950 season.



PHOENIX, ARIZONA
ARIZONA
DIAMONDBACKS
League: AL/NL? 1998->
Franchise: Expansion team
1998.



PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA
PITTSBURGH
ALLEGHENIES (I)
League: Int’l Assoc
1872-1878, NA 1879
Franchise: Charter
franchise Int’l Assoc. New franchise NA
PITTSBURGH
PIRATES
Leagues: AA 1882-1886, NL
1887 ->
Aka: Alleghenies (II)
1882-1889, Pittsburgh Innocents 1890
Nicknames: Potato Bugs
1887-1889, Zulus 1887-1889, Smoked
Italians
1887-1889, Corsairs 1940’s, Buccos
1950’s ->
Franchise: Charter
franchise AA. New franchise NL. Merged with
href="#PittsburghBurghers">PL
Burghers
in 1891.
Merged with
size="2">Louisville Colonels size="2"> in 1900.
Named Pirates for signing AA
Athletics 2b Louis Bierbauer 1890-91.
PITTSBURGH
UNIONS
League: UA 1884
Nickname: Pittsburgh
Stogies (I)
Franchise: Relocated from href="#ChicagoUnions">Chicago
Unions
in August 1884.
PITTSBURGH
BURGHERS
League: PL 1890
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1890
season. According to
size="2">Lowry merged
with
size="2">Pirates in
1891.
PITTSBURGH
STOGIES
League: FL 1913-1915
Nickname: Pittsburgh
Rebels
, Pittsburgh Pittsfeds
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1915
season.
PITTSBURGH
KEYSTONES
League: NNL 1922
Franchise:
HOMESTEAD
GRAYS
League: ANL 1929, NEWL
1932, NNL 1935-1948
Aka: href="#WashHomesteadGrays">Washington-Homestead
Grays
1937-1948
Franchise: Charter
franchise ANL, disbanded during season. Charter
franchise NEWL, disbanded during season. New
franchise NNL, disbanded after 1948 season.
Played roughly half of their home games in
href="#WashHomesteadGrays">Washington size="2"> 1937-1948.
PITTSBURGH
CRAWFORDS
League: NNL 1933-1938
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1938. According to
href="#Sources">Lowry size="2"> became href="#ToledoCrawfords">Toledo
Crawfords
in 1939.



POMPANO BEACH, FLORIDA
GOLD COAST
SUNS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:



PORTLAND, OREGON
PORTLAND UBLs size="2">
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is
announced to begin play in 1996.



PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND
PROVIDENCE
GRAYS
League: NL 1878-1885
Aka: Providence Rhode
Islanders
1878
Franchise: Mmoved to Easter
League in 1886, disbanded during 1886 season.



RACINE, WISCONSIN
RACINE BELLS size="2">
League: AAGPBL 1943-1950
Franchise: Became href="#BattleCreekBelles">Battle
Creek Belles
1951



RICHMOND, VIRGINIA
VIRGINIANS size="2">
League: AA 1884
Franchise: Relocated from href="#WashingtonNationals4">Washington
Nationals
. Moved to
Virginia League 1885-1886 as charter franchise.
Disbanded after 1892 season.



ROCHESTER, NEW YORK
ROCHESTER
HOP BITTERS
League: AA 1890
Franchise: New franchise.
Moved to Int’l League in 1891 as new franchise,
Eastern League in 1892 as charter franchise,
disbanded after 1892 season.



ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS
FOREST
CITYS
League: NA 1871
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded after 1871 season.
ROCKFORD
PEACHES
League: AAGPBL 1943-1954
Franchise:



ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI
RED
STOCKINGS
League: NA 1875
Franchise: Folded July 4,
1875.
BROWN
STOCKINGS (I)
Leagues: NA 1875, NL
1876-1877
Aka: St. Louis Reds
1876-1877, St. Louis Browns (I) 1876-1877
Franchise: New franchise NA
& NL. Disbanded after 1877 season.
ST. LOUIS
BROWNS (II)
Leagues: AA 1882-1891, NL
1892-1898
Aka: St. Louis Brown
Stockings
(II) 1882
Nicknames: Cards,
Redbirds
Franchise: Charter
franchise AA, new franchise NL, disbanded after
1898 season
ST.
LOUIS CARDINALS
Leagues: NL 1899 ->
Aka: St. Louis Perfectos
1899
Nicknames: Cards,
Redbirds
Franchise: Relocated from href="#ClevelandBlues">Cleveland
Blues 1887-1898
.
ST. LOUIS
MAROONS
Leagues: UA 1884, NL
1885-1886
Nicknames: Onions, Black
Diamonds
Franchise: Charter
franchise UA, new franchise NL. Disbanded after
1886 season. According to
href="#Sources">Lowry size="2"> merged with href="#ClevelandBlues">Cleveland
Blues
in 1885.
ST. LOUIS
BROWNS (III)
League: AL 1902-1953
Franchise: Relocated from href="#MilwaukeeBrewers4">Milwaukee
Brewers 1901
. Merged
with
size="2">FL Terriers in
1916. Became
size="2">Baltimore Orioles size="2"> in 1954.
Would have moved to Los Angeles in
1942 but for Pearl Harbor attack, and in 1953 if
Coliseum there had been available for its use.
ST.
LOUIS TERRIERS
League: FL 1914-1915
Nicknames: Slou-Feds
1914, Miners, Brownies
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1915
season. According to
size="2">Lowry merged
with
size="2">AL Browns in
1916
ST. LOUIS
STARS
League: NNL 1920-1931, 1943
NAL 1937,39,41
Aka: St. Louis Giants
1920-1921, New Orleans-St. Louis Stars
1941, Harrisburg-St. Louis Stars 1943
Franchise: Charter
franchise NNL, disbanded after 1931. New
franchise NAL, disbanded after 1939. Playes some
home games in 1941 in New Orleans and some in St.
Louis. Played all home games in 1943 in
href="#HarrisburgStars">Harrisburg size="2">.



ST. LUCIE, FLORIDA
ST. LUCIE
LEGENDS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:



ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA
ST. PAUL
SAINTS (I)
League: UA 1884
Aka: St. Paul Apostles,
St. Paul Unions
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded with league after 1884
season
ST. PAUL
SAINTS (II)
League: WA 1895-1900
Franchise: Relocated from href="#SiouxCityCornhuskers">Sioux
City Cornhuskers
in
1895. Became
size="2">Chicago ?? in
1900



ST. PETERSBURG, FLORIDA
ST.
PETERSBURG PELICANS
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:



SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA
SAN DIEGO
PADRES
League: NL 1969->
Franchise: Expansion
franchise



SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
SAN FRANCISCO
GIANTS
League: NL 1958->
Franchise: Relocated from href="#NYGiants">New York Giants
1883-1957
. According to
Filichia size="2"> scheduled to become San Jose Giants
in 1996.



SEATTLE, WASHINGTON
SEATTLE
PILOTS
League: AL 1969
Franchise: Expansion
franchise. Became
href="#MilwaukeeBrewers5">Milwaukee
Brewers
in 1970.
SEATTLE
MARINERS
League: AL 1977->
Nickname: M’s
Franchise: Expansion
franchise



SIOUX CITY, SOUTH DAKOTA
SIOUX
CITY CORNHUSKERS
League: WA 1894
Franchise: Relocated to href="#StPaulSaints2">St. Paul
Saints
1895



SOUTH BEND, INDIANA
SOUTH
BEND BLUE SOX
League: AAGPBL 1943-1954
Franchise:



SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS
SPRINGFIELD
SALLIES
League: AAGPBL 1948
Franchise:



SYRACUSE, NEW YORK
SYRACUSE
STARS (I)
Leagues: NL 1879
Nickname: Twinks
Franchise: Dropped out of
the NL in September 1879 before the end of the
season.
SYRACUSE
STARS (II)
Leagues: AA 1890
Nickname:
Franchise: New franchise



TAMPA BAY, FLORIDA
TAMPA
BAY DEVIL RAYS
League: AL/NL? 1998->
Franchise: Expansion team
1998.



TOLEDO, OHIO
TOLEDO
BLUE STOCKINGS
League: AA 1884
Franchise: Charter
franchise, disbanded after 1884 season
TOLEDO
MAUMEES
League: AA 1890
Aka: Toledo Black
Pirates
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1890 season
TOLEDO MUD
HENS
League: WA 1894-1900
Franchise:
TOLEDO
TIGERS
League: NNL 1923
Franchise: Dropped out July
15, 1923
TOLEDO
CRAWFORDS
League: NAL 1939
Franchise: According to href="#Sources">Filichia size="2">, new franchise. According to href="#Sources">Lowry size="2">, relocated from both href="#PittsburghCrawfords">Pittsburgh
Crawfords
and from href="#IndianapolisABCs2">Indianapolis
ABCs July 23. Became
href="#IndianapolisCrawfords">Indianapolis
Crawfords
1940



TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA
TORONTO size="2">
League: CL 1960
Franchise: League announced
but never played.
TORONTO
BLUE JAYS
League: AL 1977->
Franchise: Expansion team



TROY, NEW YORK
TROY
HAYMAKERS
League: NA 1871-1872
Aka: Troys
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Folded July 23, 1872.
TROY TROJANS size="2">
League: NL 1879-1882
Aka: Troy Citys, Troy
Haverstraws
1880
Franchise: New franchise.
Became
New
York Gothams
in 1883.



VANCOUVER BC, CANADA
VANCOUVER UBLs size="2">
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is
announced to begin play in 1996.



WASHINGTON, D.C.
OLYMPICS
(I)
League: NA 1871-1872
Nicknames: Nationals
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Folded May 28, 1872.
NATIONALS
(I)
League: NA 1872
Franchise: Folded June 26,
1872.
NATIONAL
OF WASHINGTON
League: NA 1871-1872
Aka: Olympic of
Washington
Franchise: Disbanded after
1873 season
NATIONALS
(III)
League: NA 1879-1880
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1880 season
NATIONALS
(II)
League: NA 1875
Franchise: New franchise.
Folded July 3, 1875.
NATIONALS
(IV)
League: AA 1884
Aka: Washingtons
Franchise: New franchise.
Became
size="2">Richmond Virginians size="2"> mid-1884.
NATIONALS
(V)
League: UA 1884
Nicknames: Washington
Quicksteps
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Joined the Eastern League in 1885 as a
new franchise, disbanded after 1885 season.
WASHINGTON
SENATORS (I)
League: NL 1886-1889
Aka: Washington
Statesmen
(I) 1886-1887
Franchise: New franchise.
Disbanded after 1889 season. According to
href="#Sources">Lowry size="2"> merged with href="#CincinnatiReds">1889 AA
Cincinnati Reds
to
become
size="2">1890 NL Cincinnati Reds size="2">
WASHINGTON
RUBY LEGS
League: NL 1880-1882
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1882 season
WASHINGTON
STATESMEN ()
League: AA 1891
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1891 season
WASHINGTON
SENATORS (II)
Leagues: NL 1892-1899
Aka: Nationals (VI)
1891-1898
Franchise: New franchise,
disbanded after 1899 season
WASHINGTON
SENATORS (III)
League: AL 1901-1960
Aka: Nationals (VII)
1905-1956
Nicknames: Nats, Griffs
Franchise: Charter
franchise. Became
href="#MinnesotaTwins">Minnesota
Twins
in 1961. Came
from
Kansas
City Blues
of WA 1900
WASHINGTON
POTOMACS
League: ECL 1924
Franchise:
WASHINGTON
PILOTS
League: NEWL 1932
Franchise:
WASHINGTON-HOMESTEAD
GRAYS
League: NNL 1937-1948
Franchise: Based in href="#HomesteadGrays">Pittsburgh size="2">, but played half of their home games in
Washington.
WASHINGTON
BLACK SENATORS
League: NNL 1938
Franchise: Folded June 1938
WASHINGTON
ELITE GIANTS
League: NNL 1936-1937
Franchise: Relocated from href="#ColumbusEliteGiants">Columbus
Elite Giants
1936.
Became
size="2">Baltimore Elite Giants size="2"> in 1938.
WASHINGTON
SENATORS (IV)
League: AL 1961-1971
Franchise: Expansion
franchise. Became
size="2">Texas Rangers
in 1972.
WASHINGTON
UBLs
League: UBL 1996?
Franchise: League is
announced to begin play in 1996.



WILMINGTON, DELAWARE
WILMINGTON
QUICKSTEPS
League: UA 1884
Aka: Washington
Delawarians
Franchise: New franchise.
Folded in September 1884 before the season was
over.



WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA
WINTER
HAVEN SUPER SOX
League: SPBA 1989-1990
Franchise:



WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS
WORCESTER
RUBY LEGS
League: NL 1880-1882
Aka: Worcester No-Names,
Worcester Brown Stockings
Franchise: new franchise.
Became
size="2">Philadelphia Phillies size="2"> in 1883.




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Dan
Nichols <dan@kypris.com>

Last modified: Fri Aug 18, 1995 – href="http://rampages.onramp.net/~dan/business.html"> size="2">dan


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